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Chin. Opt. Lett.
 Author  OCIS


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OCIS Version 2007
Optics Classification and Indexing Scheme (OCIS 2007)
The Optics Classification and Indexing Scheme (OCIS) provides a flexible, comprehensive classification system for all optical author input and user retrieval needs. OCIS has a two-level hierarchical structure containing 36 main headers and approximately 1100 subcategories.
OSA authors, presenters, and reviewers use OCIS to classify and index journal articles, meeting abstracts and presentations, and areas of research interest and expertise.
Suggestions for changes or additions can be sent to OCIS@osa.org.

tip
 000.0000  General 
 000.1200  Announcements, awards, news, and organizational activities 
 000.1410  Biography 
 000.1430  Biology and medicine 
 000.1570  Chemistry 
 000.1600  Classical and quantum physics 
 000.1780  Conferences, lectures, and institutes 
 000.2060  Education 
 000.2170  Equipment and techniques 
 000.2190  Experimental physics 
 000.2658  Fundamental tests 
 000.2690  General physics 
 000.2700  General science 
 000.2780  Gravity 
 000.2850  History and philosophy 
 000.3110  Instruments, apparatus, and components common to the sciences 
 000.3860  Mathematical methods in physics 
 000.3870  Mathematics 
 000.4430  Numerical approximation and analysis 
 000.4920  Other life sciences 
 000.4930  Other topics of general interest 
 000.5360  Physics literature and publications 
 000.5490  Probability theory, stochastic processes, and statistics 
 000.5920  Science and society 
 000.6590  Statistical mechanics 
 000.6800  Theoretical physics 
 000.6850  Thermodynamics 
 010.0010  Atmospheric and oceanic optics 
 010.0280  Remote sensing and sensors 
 010.1030  Absorption 
 010.1080  Active or adaptive optics 
 010.1100  Aerosol detection 
 010.1110  Aerosols 
 010.1120  Air pollution monitoring 
 010.1280  Atmospheric composition 
 010.1285  Atmospheric correction 
 010.1290  Atmospheric optics 
 010.1300  Atmospheric propagation 
 010.1310  Atmospheric scattering 
 010.1320  Atmospheric transmittance 
 010.1330  Atmospheric turbulence 
 010.1350  Backscattering 
 010.1615  Clouds 
 010.1690  Color 
 010.2940  Ice crystal phenomena 
 010.3310  Laser beam transmission 
 010.3640  Lidar 
 010.3920  Meteorology 
 010.4030  Mirages and refraction 
 010.4450  Oceanic optics 
 010.4455  Oceanic propagation 
 010.4458  Oceanic scattering 
 010.4950  Ozone 
 010.5620  Radiative transfer 
 010.5630  Radiometry 
 010.7030  Troposphere 
 010.7060  Turbulence 
 010.7295  Visibility and imaging 
 010.7340  Water 
 010.7350  Wave-front sensing 
 020.0020  Atomic and molecular physics 
 020.1335  Atom optics 
 020.1475  Bose-Einstein condensates 
 020.1670  Coherent optical effects 
 020.2070  Effects of collisions 
 020.2649  Strong field laser physics 
 020.2930  Hyperfine structure 
 020.3260  Isotope shifts 
 020.3320  Laser cooling 
 020.3690  Line shapes and shifts 
 020.4180  Multiphoton processes 
 020.4900  Oscillator strengths 
 020.5580  Quantum electrodynamics 
 020.5780  Rydberg states 
 020.6580  Stark effect 
 020.7010  Laser trapping 
 020.7490  Zeeman effect 
 030.0030  Coherence and statistical optics 
 030.1640  Coherence 
 030.1670  Coherent optical effects 
 030.4070  Modes 
 030.4280  Noise in imaging systems 
 030.5260  Photon counting 
 030.5290  Photon statistics 
 030.5620  Radiative transfer 
 030.5630  Radiometry 
 030.5770  Roughness 
 030.6140  Speckle 
 030.6600  Statistical optics 
 030.6610  Stellar speckle interferometry 
 030.7060  Turbulence 
 040.0040  Detectors 
 040.1240  Arrays 
 040.1345  Avalanche photodiodes (APDs) 
 040.1490  Cameras 
 040.1520  CCD, charge-coupled device 
 040.1880  Detection 
 040.2235  Far infrared or terahertz 
 040.2480  FLIR, forward-looking infrared 
 040.2840  Heterodyne 
 040.3060  Infrared 
 040.3780  Low light level 
 040.4200  Multiple quantum well 
 040.5150  Photoconductivity 
 040.5160  Photodetectors 
 040.5190  Photographic film 
 040.5250  Photomultipliers 
 040.5350  Photovoltaic 
 040.5570  Quantum detectors 
 040.6040  Silicon 
 040.6070  Solid state detectors 
 040.6808  Thermal (uncooled) IR detectors, arrays and imaging 
 040.7190  Ultraviolet 
 040.7290  Video 
 040.7480  X-rays, soft x-rays, extreme ultraviolet (EUV) 
 050.0050  Diffraction and gratings 
 050.1220  Apertures 
 050.1380  Binary optics 
 050.1590  Chirping 
 050.1755  Computational electromagnetic methods 
 050.1930  Dichroism 
 050.1940  Diffraction 
 050.1950  Diffraction gratings 
 050.1960  Diffraction theory 
 050.1965  Diffractive lenses 
 050.1970  Diffractive optics 
 050.2065  Effective medium theory 
 050.2230  Fabry-Perot 
 050.2555  Form birefringence 
 050.2770  Gratings 
 050.4865  Optical vortices 
 050.5080  Phase shift 
 050.5082  Phase space in wave options 
 050.5298  Photonic crystals 
 050.5745  Resonance domain 
 050.6624  Subwavelength structures 
 050.6875  Three-dimensional fabrication 
 050.7330  Volume gratings 
 060.0060  Fiber optics and optical communications 
 060.1155  All-optical networks 
 060.1660  Coherent communications 
 060.1810  Buffers, couplers, routers,switches, and multiplexers 
 060.2270  Fiber characterization 
 060.2280  Fiber design and fabrication 
 060.2290  Fiber materials 
 060.2300  Fiber measurements 
 060.2310  Fiber optics 
 060.2320  Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators 
 060.2330  Fiber optics communications 
 060.2340  Fiber optics components 
 060.2350  Fiber optics imaging 
 060.2360  Fiber optics links and subsystems 
 060.2370  Fiber optics sensors 
 060.2380  Fiber optics sources and detectors 
 060.2390  Fiber optics, infrared 
 060.2400  Fiber properties 
 060.2410  Fibers, erbium 
 060.2420  Fibers, polarization-maintaining 
 060.2430  Fibers, single-mode 
 060.2605  Free-space optical communication 
 060.2630  Frequency modulation 
 060.2800  Gyroscopes 
 060.2840  Heterodyne 
 060.2920  Homodyning 
 060.3510  Lasers, fiber 
 060.3735  Fiber Bragg gratings 
 060.3738  Fiber Bragg gratings, photosensitivity 
 060.4005  Microstructured fibers 
 060.4080  Modulation 
 060.4230  Multiplexing 
 060.4250  Networks 
 060.4251  Networks, assignment and routing algorithms 
 060.4252  Networks, broadcast 
 060.4253  Networks, circuit-switched 
 060.4254  Networks, combinatorial network design 
 060.4255  Networks, multicast 
 060.4256  Networks, network optimization 
 060.4257  Networks, network survivability 
 060.4258  Networks, network topology 
 060.4259  Networks, packet-switched 
 060.4261  Networks, protection and restoration 
 060.4262  Networks, ring 
 060.4263  Networks, star 
 060.4264  Networks, wavelength assignment 
 060.4265  Networks, wavelength routing 
 060.4370  Nonlinear optics, fibers 
 060.4510  Optical communications 
 060.4785  Optical security and encryption 
 060.5060  Phase modulation 
 060.5295  Photonic crystal fibers 
 060.5530  Pulse propagation and temporal solitons 
 060.5565  Quantum communications 
 060.5625  Radio frequency photonics 
 060.6718  Switching, circuit 
 060.6719  Switching, packet 
 060.7140  Ultrafast processes in fibers 
 070.0070  Fourier optics and signal processing 
 070.1060  Acousto-optical signal processing 
 070.1170  Analog optical signal processing 
 070.1675  Coherent states (in wave optics) 
 070.2025  Discrete optical signal processing 
 070.2465  Finite analogs of Fourier transforms 
 070.2575  Fractional Fourier transforms 
 070.2580  Paraxial wave optics 
 070.2590  ABCD transforms 
 070.2615  Frequency filtering 
 070.3185  Invariant optical fields 
 070.4340  Nonlinear optical signal processing 
 070.4550  Correlators 
 070.4560  Data processing by optical means 
 070.4690  Morphological transformations 
 070.4790  Spectrum analysis 
 070.5010  Pattern recognition 
 070.5040  Phase conjugation 
 070.5753  Resonators 
 070.6020  Continuous optical signal processing 
 070.6110  Spatial filtering 
 070.6120  Spatial light modulators 
 070.6760  Talbot and self-imaging effects 
 070.7145  Ultrafast processing 
 070.7345  Wave propagation 
 070.7425  Quasi-probability distribution functions 
 080.0080  Geometric optics 
 080.1005  Aberration expansions 
 080.1010  Aberrations (global) 
 080.1235  Apparent images 
 080.1238  Array waveguide devices 
 080.1510  Propagation methods 
 080.1665  Coherent design 
 080.1753  Computation methods 
 080.2175  Etendue 
 080.2203  Fabrication, electroforming 
 080.2205  Fabrication, injection molding 
 080.2208  Fabrication, tolerancing 
 080.2468  First-order optics 
 080.2575  Fractional Fourier transforms 
 080.2710  Inhomogeneous optical media 
 080.2720  Mathematical methods (general) 
 080.2730  Matrix methods in paraxial optics 
 080.2740  Geometric optical design 
 080.3095  Inhomogeneous elements in optical systems 
 080.3620  Lens system design 
 080.3630  Lenses 
 080.3645  Lie algebraic and group methods 
 080.3685  Lightpipes 
 080.3875  Matrix methods in metaxial expansions 
 080.4035  Mirror system design 
 080.4225  Nonspherical lens design 
 080.4228  Nonspherical mirror surfaces 
 080.4295  Nonimaging optical systems 
 080.4298  Nonimaging optics 
 080.4865  Optical vortices 
 080.5084  Phase space methods of analysis 
 080.5692  Ray trajectories in inhomogeneous media 
 080.6755  Systems with special symmetry 
 080.7343  Wave dressing of rays 
 090.0090  Holography 
 090.1000  Aberration compensation 
 090.1705  Color holography 
 090.1760  Computer holography 
 090.1970  Diffractive optics 
 090.1995  Digital holography 
 090.2645  Stratified volume holograms 
 090.2820  Heads-up displays 
 090.2870  Holographic display 
 090.2880  Holographic interferometry 
 090.2890  Holographic optical elements 
 090.2900  Optical storage materials 
 090.2910  Holography, microwave 
 090.4220  Multiplex holography 
 090.5640  Rainbow holography 
 090.5694  Real-time holography 
 090.6186  Spectral holography 
 090.7330  Volume gratings 
 100.0100  Image processing 
 100.0118  Imaging ultrafast phenomena 
 100.1160  Analog optical image processing 
 100.1390  Binary phase-only filters 
 100.1455  Blind deconvolution 
 100.1830  Deconvolution 
 100.1930  Dichroism 
 100.2000  Digital image processing 
 100.2550  Focal-plane-array image processors 
 100.2650  Fringe analysis 
 100.2810  Halftone image reproduction 
 100.2960  Image analysis 
 100.2980  Image enhancement 
 100.3005  Image recognition devices 
 100.3008  Image recognition, algorithms and filters 
 100.3010  Image reconstruction techniques 
 100.3020  Image reconstruction-restoration 
 100.3175  Interferometric imaging 
 100.3190  Inverse problems 
 100.3200  Inverse scattering 
 100.4145  Motion, hyperspectral image processing 
 100.4550  Correlators 
 100.4992  Pattern, nonlinear correlators 
 100.4993  Pattern recognition, Baysian processors 
 100.4994  Pattern recognition, image transforms 
 100.4995  Pattern recognition, metrics 
 100.4996  Pattern recognition, neural networks 
 100.4997  Pattern recognition, nonlinear spatial filters 
 100.4998  Pattern recognition, optical security and encryption 
 100.4999  Pattern recognition, target tracking 
 100.5010  Pattern recognition 
 100.5070  Phase retrieval 
 100.5088  Phase unwrapping 
 100.5090  Phase-only filters 
 100.5760  Rotation-invariant pattern recognition 
 100.6640  Superresolution 
 100.6740  Synthetic discrimination functions 
 100.6890  Three-dimensional image processing 
 100.6950  Tomographic image processing 
 100.7410  Wavelets 
 110.0110  Imaging systems 
 110.0113  Imaging through turbid media 
 110.0115  Imaging through turbulent media 
 110.0180  Microscopy 
 110.1080  Active or adoptive optics 
 110.1085  Adaptive imaging 
 110.1220  Apertures 
 110.1455  Blind deconvolution 
 110.1650  Coherence imaging 
 110.1758  Computational imaging 
 110.2350  Fiber optics imaging 
 110.2650  Fringe analysis 
 110.2760  Gradient-index lenses 
 110.2945  Illumination design 
 110.2960  Image analysis 
 110.2970  Image detection systems 
 110.2990  Image formation theory 
 110.3000  Image quality assessment 
 110.3010  Image reconstruction techniques 
 110.3055  Information theoretical analysis 
 110.3080  Infrared imaging 
 110.3175  Interferometric imaging 
 110.3200  Inverse scattering 
 110.3925  Metrics 
 110.3960  Microlithography 
 110.4100  Modulation transfer function 
 110.4153  Motion estimation and optical flow 
 110.4155  Multiframe image processing 
 110.4190  Multiple imaging 
 110.4234  Multispectral and hyperspectral imaging 
 110.4235  Nanolithography 
 110.4248  Networked imaging 
 110.4280  Noise in imaging systems 
 110.4500  Optical coherence tomography 
 110.4850  Optical transfer functions 
 110.4980  Partial coherence in imaging 
 110.5086  Phase unwrapping 
 110.5100  Phased-array imaging systems 
 110.5120  Photoacoutic imaging 
 110.5125  Photoacoustics 
 110.5200  Photography 
 110.5220  Photolithography 
 110.5405  Polarimetric imaging 
 110.6150  Speckle imaging 
 110.6760  Talbot and self-imaging effects 
 110.6770  Telescopes 
 110.6795  Terahertz imaging 
 110.6820  Thermal imaging 
 110.6880  Three-dimensional image acquisition 
 110.6895  Three-dimensional lithography 
 110.6915  Time imaging 
 110.6955  Tomographic imaging 
 110.6960  Tomography 
 110.6980  Transforms 
 110.7050  Turbid media 
 110.7170  Ultrasound 
 110.7348  Wavefront encoding 
 110.7410  Wavelets 
 110.7440  X-ray imaging 
 120.0120  Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology 
 120.0280  Remote sensing and sensors 
 120.1088  Adaptive interferometry 
 120.1680  Collimation 
 120.1740  Combustion diagnostics 
 120.1840  Densitometers, reflectometers 
 120.1880  Detection 
 120.2040  Displays 
 120.2130  Ellipsometry and polarimetry 
 120.2230  Fabry-Perot 
 120.2440  Filters 
 120.2650  Fringe analysis 
 120.2820  Heads-up displays 
 120.2830  Height measurements 
 120.2880  Holographic interferometry 
 120.2920  Homodyning 
 120.3150  Integrating spheres 
 120.3180  Interferometry 
 120.3620  Lens system design 
 120.3688  Lightwave analyzers 
 120.3890  Medical optics instrumentation 
 120.3930  Metrological instrumentation 
 120.3940  Metrology 
 120.4120  Moire' techniques 
 120.4140  Monochromators 
 120.4290  Nondestructive testing 
 120.4530  Optical constants 
 120.4570  Optical design of instruments 
 120.4610  Optical fabrication 
 120.4630  Optical inspection 
 120.4640  Optical instruments 
 120.4800  Optical standards and testing 
 120.4820  Optical systems 
 120.4825  Optical time domain reflectometry 
 120.4880  Optomechanics 
 120.5050  Phase measurement 
 120.5060  Phase modulation 
 120.5240  Photometry 
 120.5410  Polarimetry 
 120.5475  Pressure measurement 
 120.5630  Radiometry 
 120.5700  Reflection 
 120.5710  Refraction 
 120.5790  Sagnac effect 
 120.5800  Scanners 
 120.5820  Scattering measurements 
 120.6085  Space instrumentation 
 120.6150  Speckle imaging 
 120.6160  Speckle interferometry 
 120.6165  Speckle interferometry, metrology 
 120.6168  Speckle interferometry, stellar 
 120.6200  Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation 
 120.6650  Surface measurements, figure 
 120.6660  Surface measurements, roughness 
 120.6710  Susceptibility 
 120.6780  Temperature 
 120.6810  Thermal effects 
 120.7000  Transmission 
 120.7250  Velocimetry 
 120.7280  Vibration analysis 
 130.0130  Integrated optics 
 130.0250  Optoelectronics 
 130.1750  Components 
 130.2035  Dispersion compensation devices 
 130.2260  Ferroelectrics 
 130.2755  Glass waveguides 
 130.2790  Guided waves 
 130.3060  Infrared 
 130.3120  Integrated optics devices 
 130.3130  Integrated optics materials 
 130.3730  Lithium niobate 
 130.3750  Optical logic devices 
 130.3990  Micro-optical devices 
 130.4110  Modulators 
 130.4310  Nonlinear 
 130.4815  Optical switching devices 
 130.5296  Photonic crystal waveguides 
 130.5440  Polarization-selective devices 
 130.5460  Polymer waveguides 
 130.5990  Semiconductors 
 130.6010  Sensors 
 130.6622  Subsystem integration and techniques 
 130.6750  Systems 
 130.7405  Wavelength conversion devices 
 130.7408  Wavelength filtering devices 
 140.0140  Lasers and laser optics 
 140.1340  Atomic gas lasers 
 140.1540  Chaos 
 140.1550  Chemical lasers 
 140.1700  Color center lasers 
 140.2010  Diode laser arrays 
 140.2020  Diode lasers 
 140.2050  Dye lasers 
 140.2180  Excimer lasers 
 140.2600  Free-electron lasers (FELs) 
 140.3070  Infrared and far-infrared lasers 
 140.3210  Ion lasers 
 140.3280  Laser amplifiers 
 140.3290  Laser arrays 
 140.3295  Laser beam characterization 
 140.3298  Laser beam combining 
 140.3300  Laser beam shaping 
 140.3320  Laser cooling 
 140.3325  Laser coupling 
 140.3330  Laser damage 
 140.3360  Laser safety and eye protection 
 140.3370  Laser gyroscopes 
 140.3380  Laser materials 
 140.3390  Laser materials processing 
 140.3410  Laser resonators 
 140.3425  Laser stabilization 
 140.3430  Laser theory 
 140.3440  Laser-induced breakdown 
 140.3450  Laser-induced chemistry 
 140.3460  Lasers 
 140.3470  Lasers, carbon dioxide 
 140.3480  Lasers, diode-pumped 
 140.3490  Lasers, distributed-feedback 
 140.3500  Lasers, erbium 
 140.3510  Lasers, fiber 
 140.3515  Lasers, frequency doubled 
 140.3518  Lasers, frequency modulated 
 140.3520  Lasers, injection-locked 
 140.3530  Lasers, neodymium 
 140.3535  Lasers, phase conjugate 
 140.3538  Lasers, pulsed 
 140.3540  Lasers, Q-switched 
 140.3550  Lasers, Raman 
 140.3560  Lasers, ring 
 140.3570  Lasers, single-mode 
 140.3580  Lasers, solid-state 
 140.3590  Lasers, ti0anium 
 140.3600  Lasers, tunable 
 140.3610  Lasers, ultraviolet 
 140.3613  Lasers, upconversion 
 140.3615  Lasers, ytterbium 
 140.3945  Microcavities 
 140.3948  Microcavity devices 
 140.4050  Mode-locked lasers 
 140.4130  Molecular gas lasers 
 140.4480  Optical amplifiers 
 140.4780  Optical resonators 
 140.5560  Pumping 
 140.5680  Rare earth and transition metal solid-state lasers 
 140.5960  Semiconductor lasers 
 140.5965  Semiconductor lasers, quantum cascade 
 140.6630  Superradiance, superfluorescence 
 140.6810  Thermal effects 
 140.7010  Laser trapping 
 140.7090  Ultrafast lasers 
 140.7215  Undulator radiation 
 140.7240  UV, EUV, and X-ray lasers 
 140.7260  Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers 
 140.7270  Vertical emitting lasers 
 140.7300  Visible lasers 
 150.0150  Machine vision 
 150.0155  Machine vision optics 
 150.1135  Algorithms 
 150.1488  Calibration 
 150.1708  Color inspection 
 150.1835  Defect understanding 
 150.2945  Illumination design 
 150.2950  Illumination 
 150.3040  Industrial inspection 
 150.3045  Industrial optical metrology 
 150.4065  Vision processor architecture 
 150.4232  Multisensor methods 
 150.4620  Optical flow 
 150.5495  Process monitoring and control 
 150.5670  Range finding 
 150.5758  Robotic and machine control 
 150.6044  Smart cameras 
 150.6910  Three-dimensional sensing 
 160.0160  Materials 
 160.1050  Acousto-optical materials 
 160.1190  Anisotropic optical materials 
 160.1245  Artificially engineered materials 
 160.1435  Biomaterials 
 160.1585  Chiral media 
 160.1890  Detector materials 
 160.2100  Electro-optical materials 
 160.2120  Elements 
 160.2220  Defect-center materials 
 160.2260  Ferroelectrics 
 160.2290  Fiber materials 
 160.2540  Fluorescent and luminescent materials 
 160.2710  Inhomogeneous optical media 
 160.2750  Glass and other amorphous materials 
 160.2900  Optical storage materials 
 160.3130  Integrated optics materials 
 160.3220  Ionic crystals 
 160.3380  Laser materials 
 160.3710  Liquid crystals 
 160.3730  Lithium niobate 
 160.3820  Magneto-optical materials 
 160.3900  Metals 
 160.3918  Metamaterials 
 160.4236  Nanomaterials 
 160.4330  Nonlinear optical materials 
 160.4670  Optical materials 
 160.4760  Optical properties 
 160.4890  Organic materials 
 160.5140  Photoconductive materials 
 160.5293  Photonic bandgap materials 
 160.5298  Photonic crystals 
 160.5320  Photorefractive materials 
 160.5335  Photosensitive materials 
 160.5470  Polymers 
 160.5690  Rare-earth-doped materials 
 160.6000  Semiconductor materials 
 160.6030  Silica 
 160.6060  Solgel 
 160.6840  Thermo-optical materials 
 160.6990  Transition-metal-doped materials 
 170.0170  Medical optics and biotechnology 
 170.0110  Imaging systems 
 170.0180  Microscopy 
 170.1020  Ablation of tissue 
 170.1065  Acousto-optics 
 170.1420  Biology 
 170.1460  Blood gas monitoring 
 170.1470  Blood or tissue consti0uent monitoring 
 170.1530  Cell analysis 
 170.1580  Chemometrics 
 170.1610  Clinical applications 
 170.1630  Coded aperture imaging 
 170.1650  Coherence imaging 
 170.1790  Confocal microscopy 
 170.1850  Dentistry 
 170.1870  Dermatology 
 170.2150  Endoscopic imaging 
 170.2520  Fluorescence microscopy 
 170.2655  Functional monitoring and imaging 
 170.2670  Gamma ray imaging 
 170.2680  Gastrointestinal 
 170.2945  Illumination design 
 170.3010  Image reconstruction techniques 
 170.3340  Laser Doppler velocimetry 
 170.3650  Lifetime-based sensing 
 170.3660  Light propagation in tissues 
 170.3830  Mammography 
 170.3880  Medical and biological imaging 
 170.3890  Medical optics instrumentation 
 170.4090  Modulation techniques 
 170.4440  ObGyn 
 170.4460  Ophthalmic optics and devices 
 170.4470  Ophthalmology 
 170.4500  Optical coherence tomography 
 170.4520  Optical confinement and manipulation 
 170.4580  Optical diagnostics for medicine 
 170.4730  Optical pathology 
 170.4940  Otolaryngology 
 170.5120  Photoacoustic imaging 
 170.5180  Photodynamic therapy 
 170.5270  Photon density waves 
 170.5280  Photon migration 
 170.5380  Physiology 
 170.5660  Raman spectroscopy 
 170.5755  Retina scanning 
 170.5810  Scanning microscopy 
 170.6280  Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence 
 170.6480  Spectroscopy, speckle 
 170.6510  Spectroscopy, tissue diagnostics 
 170.6795  Terahertz imaging 
 170.6900  Three-dimensional microscopy 
 170.6920  Time-resolved imaging 
 170.6930  Tissue 
 170.6935  Tissue characterization 
 170.6940  Tissue welding 
 170.6960  Tomography 
 170.7050  Turbid media 
 170.7160  Ultrafast technology 
 170.7170  Ultrasound 
 170.7180  Ultrasound diagnostics 
 170.7230  Urology 
 170.7440  X-ray imaging 
 180.0180  Microscopy 
 180.1655  Coherence tomography 
 180.1790  Confocal microscopy 
 180.2520  Fluorescence microscopy 
 180.3170  Interference microscopy 
 180.4243  Near-field microscopy 
 180.4315  Nonlinear microscopy 
 180.5655  Raman microscopy 
 180.5810  Scanning microscopy 
 180.6900  Three-dimensional microscopy 
 180.7460  X-ray microscopy 
 190.0190  Nonlinear optics 
 190.1450  Bistability 
 190.1900  Diagnostic applications of nonlinear optics 
 190.2055  Dynamic gratings 
 190.2620  Harmonic generation and mixing 
 190.2640  Stimulated scattering, modulation,etc. 
 190.3100  Instabilities and chaos 
 190.3270  Kerr effect 
 190.3970  Microparticle nonlinear optics 
 190.4160  Multiharmonic generation 
 190.4180  Multiphoton processes 
 190.4223  Nonlinear wave mixing 
 190.4350  Nonlinear optics at surfaces 
 190.4360  Nonlinear optics, devices 
 190.4370  Nonlinear optics, fibers 
 190.4380  Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing 
 190.4390  Nonlinear optics, integrated optics 
 190.4400  Nonlinear optics, materials 
 190.4410  Nonlinear optics, parametric processes 
 190.4420  Nonlinear optics, transverse effects in 
 190.4710  Optical nonlinearities in organic materials 
 190.4720  Optical nonlinearities of condensed matter 
 190.4870  Photothermal effects 
 190.4970  Parametric oscillators and amplifiers 
 190.4975  Parametric processes 
 190.5040  Phase conjugation 
 190.5330  Photorefractive optics 
 190.5530  Pulse propagation and temporal solitons 
 190.5650  Raman effect 
 190.5890  Scattering, stimulated 
 190.5940  Self-action effects 
 190.5970  Semiconductor nonlinear optics including MQW 
 190.6135  Spatial solitons 
 190.7070  Two-wave mixing 
 190.7110  Ultrafast nonlinear optics 
 190.7220  Upconversion 
 200.0200  Optics in computing 
 200.1130  Algebraic optical processing 
 200.2605  Free-space optical communication 
 200.2610  Free-space digital optics 
 200.3050  Information processing 
 200.3760  Logic-based optical processing 
 200.4260  Neural networks 
 200.4490  Optical buffers 
 200.4540  Optical content addressable memory processors 
 200.4560  Optical data processing 
 200.4650  Optical interconnects 
 200.4660  Optical logic 
 200.4690  Morphological transformations 
 200.4700  Optical neural systems 
 200.4740  Optical processing 
 200.4860  Optical vector-matrix systems 
 200.4880  Optomechanics 
 200.4960  Parallel processing 
 200.6015  Signal regeneration 
 200.6046  Smart pixel systems 
 200.6715  Switching 
 210.0210  Optical data storage 
 210.1635  Coding for optical storage 
 210.2860  Holographic and volume memories 
 210.3810  Magneto-optic systems 
 210.3820  Magneto-optical materials 
 210.4245  Near-field optical recording 
 210.4590  Optical disks 
 210.4680  Optical memories 
 210.4770  Optical recording 
 210.4810  Optical storage-recording materials 
 210.4965  Parallel readout 
 220.0220  Optical design and fabrication 
 220.1000  Aberration compensation 
 220.1010  Aberrations (global) 
 220.1080  Active or adoptive optics 
 220.1140  Alignment 
 220.1230  Apodization 
 220.1250  Aspherics 
 220.1770  Concentrators 
 220.1920  Diamond machining 
 220.2560  Propagating methods 
 220.2740  Geometric optical design 
 220.2945  Illumination design 
 220.3620  Lens system design 
 220.3630  Lenses 
 220.3740  Lithography 
 220.4000  Microstructure fabrication 
 220.4241  Nanostructure fabrication 
 220.4298  Nonimaging optics 
 220.4610  Optical fabrication 
 220.4830  Systems design 
 220.4840  Testing 
 220.4880  Optomechanics 
 220.5450  Polishing 
 230.0230  Optical devices 
 230.0040  Detectors 
 230.0250  Optoelectronics 
 230.1040  Acousto-optical devices 
 230.1150  All-optical devices 
 230.1360  Beam splitters 
 230.1480  Bragg reflectors 
 230.1950  Diffraction gratings 
 230.1980  Diffusers 
 230.2035  Dispersion compensation devices 
 230.2090  Electro-optical devices 
 230.2240  Faraday effect 
 230.2285  Fiber devices and optical amplifiers 
 230.3120  Integrated optics devices 
 230.3240  Isolators 
 230.3670  Light-emitting diodes 
 230.3720  Liquid-crystal devices 
 230.3750  Optical logic devices 
 230.3810  Magneto-optic systems 
 230.3990  Micro-optical devices 
 230.4000  Microstructure fabrication 
 230.4040  Mirrors 
 230.4110  Modulators 
 230.4170  Multilayers 
 230.4205  Multiple quantum well (MQW) modulators 
 230.4320  Nonlinear optical devices 
 230.4480  Optical amplifiers 
 230.4555  Coupled resonators 
 230.4685  Optical microelectromechanical devices 
 230.4910  Oscillators 
 230.5160  Photodetectors 
 230.5170  Photodiodes 
 230.5298  Photonic crystals 
 230.5440  Polarization-selective devices 
 230.5480  Prisms 
 230.5590  Quantum-well, -wire and -dot devices 
 230.5750  Resonators 
 230.6046  Smart pixel systems 
 230.6080  Sources 
 230.6120  Spatial light modulators 
 230.7020  Traveling-wave devices 
 230.7370  Waveguides 
 230.7380  Waveguides, channeled 
 230.7390  Waveguides, planar 
 230.7400  Waveguides, slab 
 230.7405  Wavelength conversion devices 
 230.7408  Wavelength filtering devices 
 240.0240  Optics at surfaces 
 240.0310  Thin films 
 240.1485  Buried interfaces 
 240.2130  Ellipsometry and polarimetry 
 240.3695  Linear and nonlinear light scattering from surfaces 
 240.3990  Micro-optical devices 
 240.4350  Nonlinear optics at surfaces 
 240.5420  Polaritons 
 240.5445  Polarization-selective devices 
 240.5450  Polishing 
 240.5698  Reflectance anisotropy spectroscopy 
 240.5770  Roughness 
 240.6380  Spectroscopy, modulation 
 240.6490  Spectroscopy, surface 
 240.6645  Surface differential reflectance 
 240.6648  Surface dynamics 
 240.6670  Surface photochemistry 
 240.6675  Surface photoemission and photoelectron spectroscopy 
 240.6680  Surface plasmons 
 240.6690  Surface waves 
 240.6695  Surface-enhanced Raman scattering 
 240.6700  Surfaces 
 240.7040  Tunneling 
 250.0250  Optoelectronics 
 250.0040  Detectors 
 250.1345  Avalanche photodiodes (APDs) 
 250.1500  Cathodoluminescence 
 250.2080  Polymer active devices 
 250.3140  Integrated optoelectronic circuits 
 250.3680  Light-emitting polymers 
 250.3750  Optical logic devices 
 250.4110  Modulators 
 250.4390  Nonlinear optics, integrated optics 
 250.4480  Optical amplifiers 
 250.4745  Optical processing devices 
 250.5230  Photoluminescence 
 250.5300  Photonic integrated circuits 
 250.5403  Plasmonics 
 250.5460  Polymer waveguides 
 250.5530  Pulse propagation and temporal solitons 
 250.5590  Quantum-well, -wire and -dot devices 
 250.5960  Semiconductor lasers 
 250.5980  Semiconductor optical amplifiers 
 250.6715  Switching 
 250.7260  Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers 
 250.7270  Vertical emitting lasers 
 250.7360  Waveguide modulators 
 260.0260  Physical optics 
 260.1180  Crystal optics 
 260.1440  Birefringence 
 260.1560  Chemiluminescence 
 260.1960  Diffraction theory 
 260.2030  Dispersion 
 260.2065  Effective medium theory 
 260.2110  Electromagnetic optics 
 260.2130  Ellipsometry and polarimetry 
 260.2160  Energy transfer 
 260.2510  Fluorescence 
 260.2710  Inhomogeneous optical media 
 260.3060  Infrared 
 260.3090  Infrared, far 
 260.3160  Interference 
 260.3230  Ionization 
 260.3800  Luminescence 
 260.3910  Metal optics 
 260.5130  Photochemistry 
 260.5150  Photoconductivity 
 260.5210  Photoionization 
 260.5430  Polarization 
 260.5740  Resonance 
 260.5950  Self-focusing 
 260.6042  Singular optics 
 260.6048  Soft x-rays 
 260.6580  Stark effect 
 260.6970  Total internal reflection 
 260.7120  Ultrafast phenomena 
 260.7190  Ultraviolet 
 260.7200  Ultraviolet, extreme 
 260.7210  Ultraviolet, vacuum 
 260.7490  Zeeman effect 
 270.0270  Quantum optics 
 270.1670  Coherent optical effects 
 270.2500  Fluctuations, relaxations, and noise 
 270.3100  Instabilities and chaos 
 270.3430  Laser theory 
 270.4180  Multiphoton processes 
 270.5290  Photon statistics 
 270.5530  Pulse propagation and temporal solitons 
 270.5565  Quantum communications 
 270.5568  Quantum cryptography 
 270.5570  Quantum detectors 
 270.5580  Quantum electrodynamics 
 270.5585  Quantum information and processing 
 270.6570  Squeezed states 
 270.6620  Strong-field processes 
 270.6630  Superradiance, superfluorescence 
 280.0280  Remote sensing and sensors 
 280.1100  Aerosol detection 
 280.1120  Air pollution monitoring 
 280.1310  Atmospheric scattering 
 280.1350  Backscattering 
 280.1355  Bathymetry 
 280.1415  Biological sensing and sensors 
 280.1545  Chemical analysis 
 280.1740  Combustion diagnostics 
 280.1910  DIAL, differential absorption lidar 
 280.2470  Flames 
 280.2490  Flow diagnostics 
 280.3340  Laser Doppler velocimetry 
 280.3375  Laser induced ultrasonics 
 280.3400  Laser range finder 
 280.3420  Laser sensors 
 280.3640  Lidar 
 280.4750  Optical processing of radar images 
 280.4788  Optical sensing and sensors 
 280.4991  Passive remote sensing 
 280.5110  Phased-array radar 
 280.5395  Plasma diagnostics 
 280.5475  Pressure measurement 
 280.5600  Radar 
 280.5715  Refractivity profiles 
 280.6730  Synthetic aperture radar 
 280.6780  Temperature 
 280.7060  Turbulence 
 280.7250  Velocimetry 
 290.0290  Scattering 
 290.1090  Aerosol and cloud effects 
 290.1310  Atmospheric scattering 
 290.1350  Backscattering 
 290.1483  BSDF, BRDF, and BTDF 
 290.1990  Diffusion 
 290.2200  Extinction 
 290.2558  Forward scattering 
 290.2648  Stray light 
 290.2745  Ghost reflections 
 290.3030  Index measurements 
 290.3200  Inverse scattering 
 290.3700  Linewidth 
 290.3770  Long-wave scattering 
 290.4020  Mie theory 
 290.4210  Multiple scattering 
 290.5820  Scattering measurements 
 290.5825  Scattering theory 
 290.5830  Scattering, Brillouin 
 290.5835  Scattering, Harvey 
 290.5838  Scattering, in-field 
 290.5840  Scattering, molecules 
 290.5845  Scattering, out-of-field 
 290.5850  Scattering, particles 
 290.5855  Scattering, polarization 
 290.5860  Scattering, Raman 
 290.5870  Scattering, Rayleigh 
 290.5880  Scattering, rough surfaces 
 290.5890  Scattering, stimulated 
 290.5900  Scattering, stimulated Brillouin 
 290.5910  Scattering, stimulated Raman 
 290.5930  Scintillation 
 290.6815  Thermal emission 
 290.7050  Turbid media 
 300.0300  Spectroscopy 
 310.0310  Thin films 
 310.1210  Antireflection coatings 
 310.1515  Protective coatings 
 310.1620  Interference coatings 
 310.1860  Deposition and fabrication 
 310.2785  Guided wave applications 
 310.2790  Guided waves 
 310.3840  Materials and process characterization 
 310.3915  Metallic, opaque, and absorbing coatings 
 310.4165  Multilayer design 
 310.4925  Other properties (stress, chemical,etc.) 
 310.5448  Polarization, other optical properties 
 310.5696  Refinement and synthesis methods 
 310.6188  Spectral properties 
 310.6628  Subwavelength structures,nanostructures 
 310.6805  Theory and design 
 310.6845  Thin film devices and applications 
 310.6860  Thin films, optical properties 
 310.6870  Thin films, other properties 
 310.7005  Transparent conductive coatings 
 320.0320  Ultrafast optics 
 320.1590  Chirping 
 320.2250  Femtosecond phenomena 
 320.3980  Microsecond phenomena 
 320.4240  Nanosecond phenomena 
 320.5390  Picosecond phenomena 
 320.5520  Pulse compression 
 320.5540  Pulse shaping 
 320.5550  Pulses 
 320.6629  Supercontinuum generation 
 320.7080  Ultrafast devices 
 320.7085  Ultrafast information processing 
 320.7090  Ultrafast lasers 
 320.7100  Ultrafast measurements 
 320.7110  Ultrafast nonlinear optics 
 320.7120  Ultrafast phenomena 
 320.7130  Ultrafast processes in condensed matter, including semiconductors 
 320.7140  Ultrafast processes in fibers 
 320.7150  Ultrafast spectroscopy 
 320.7160  Ultrafast technology 
 330.0330  Vision, color, and visual optics 
 330.1070  Vision - acuity 
 330.1400  Vision - binocular and stereopsis 
 330.1690  Color 
 330.1710  Color, measurement 
 330.1715  Color, rendering and metamerism 
 330.1720  Color vision 
 330.1730  Colorimetry 
 330.1800  Vision - contrast sensitivity 
 330.1880  Detection 
 330.2210  Vision - eye movements 
 330.3350  Vision - laser damage 
 330.3790  Low vision 
 330.3795  Low-vision optics 
 330.4060  Vision modeling 
 330.4150  Motion detection 
 330.4270  Vision system neurophysiology 
 330.4300  Vision system - noninvasive assessment 
 330.4460  Ophthalmic optics and devices 
 330.4595  Optical effects on vision 
 330.4875  Optics of physiological systems 
 330.5000  Vision - patterns and recognition 
 330.5020  Perception psychology 
 330.5310  Vision - photoreceptors 
 330.5370  Physiological optics 
 330.5380  Physiology 
 330.5510  Psychophysics 
 330.6100  Spatial discrimination 
 330.6110  Spatial filtering 
 330.6130  Spatial resolution 
 330.6180  Spectral discrimination 
 330.6790  Temporal discrimination 
 330.7310  Vision 
 330.7320  Vision adaptation 
 330.7321  Vision coupled optical systems 
 330.7322  Visual optics, accommodation 
 330.7323  Visual optics, aging changes 
 330.7324  Visual optics, comparative animal models 
 330.7325  Visual optics, metrology 
 330.7326  Visual optics, modeling 
 330.7327  Visual optics, ophthalmic instrumentation 
 330.7328  Visual optics, opthalmic appliances 
 330.7329  Visual optics, pathology 
 330.7331  Visual optics, receptor optics 
 330.7333  Visual optics, refractive anomolies 
 330.7335  Visual optics, refractive surgery 
 330.7338  Visually coupled optical systems 
 340.0340  X-ray optics 
 340.1365  Bending magnet radiation 
 340.6720  Synchrotron radiation 
 340.7215  Undulator radiation 
 340.7430  X-ray coded apertures 
 340.7440  X-ray imaging 
 340.7450  X-ray interferometry 
 340.7460  X-ray microscopy 
 340.7470  X-ray mirrors 
 340.7480  X-rays, soft x-rays, extreme ultraviolet (EUV) 
 350.0350  Other areas of optics 
 350.1260  Astronomical optics 
 350.1270  Astronomy and astrophysics 
 350.1370  Berry's phase 
 350.1820  Damage 
 350.2450  Filters, absorption 
 350.2460  Filters, interference 
 350.2660  Fusion 
 350.2770  Gratings 
 350.3250  Isotope separation 
 350.3390  Laser materials processing 
 350.3450  Laser-induced chemistry 
 350.3618  Left-handed materials 
 350.3850  Materials processing 
 350.3950  Micro-optics 
 350.4010  Microwaves 
 350.4238  Nanophotonics and photonic crystals 
 350.4600  Optical engineering 
 350.4800  Optical standards and testing 
 350.4855  Optical tweezers or optical manipulation 
 350.4990  Particles 
 350.5030  Phase 
 350.5130  Photochemistry 
 350.5340  Photothermal effects 
 350.5400  Plasmas 
 350.5500  Propagation 
 350.5610  Radiation 
 350.5720  Relativity 
 350.5730  Resolution 
 350.6050  Solar energy 
 350.6090  Space optics 
 350.6670  Surface photochemistry 
 350.6830  Thermal lensing 
 350.6980  Transforms 
 350.7420  Waves 
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